30 April 2017
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Feliks Roderyk Łabuński

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Feliks Roderyk

Łabuński

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Tadeusz Baird,

composer, b. 26th July 1928 in Grodzisk Mazowiecki; d. 2nd September 1981 in Warsaw. He embarked on his composition study during the German occupation under Bolesław Woytowicz and Kazimierz Sikorski, and continued this study in 1947-51 with Piotr Rytel and Piotr Perkowski in the State Higher School of Music in Warsaw. He also studied the piano with T. Wituski and - for three years - musicology at Warsaw University. He was one of the initiators and founders of the “Warsaw Autumn” International Festival of Contemporary Music, held since 1956. From 1974 he taught composition in the State Higher School of Music in Warsaw. In 1977, he was awarded the title of nominated professor and appointed to the chair of composition. From 1976, he was president of the International Society for Contemporary Music, Polish Section, from 1979 - a member of Akademie der Künste in Berlin.
Tadeusz Baird received numerous national and international awards, including: 1st prize in the G. Fitelberg Competition in 1958 for Four Essays for Orchestra (1958); three 1st prizes of the International Rostrum for Composers in Paris (in 1959 for Four Essays; in 1963 for Variations without a Theme for symphony orchestra - written in 1961-62; in 1966 - for Four Dialogues for oboe and chamber orchestra, written in 1964); three State Awards (in 1951 - for Symphony No. 1 of 1950; in 1964 - for his entire work; in 1970 - for Symphony No. 3 of 1969 and Five Songs for mezzo-soprano and chamber orchestra to words by Irena Poświatowska, written in 1968), Minister of Culture and Art Award (in 1962 for Erotic Poems - 6 Songs for soprano and symphony orchestra to words by Małgorzata Hillar, a piece written in 1960-61), City of Cologne Music Award (1963), the annual award of the Polish Composers’ Union for the entirety of his work (1966), S. Kusewicki’s Award (1968), City of Warsaw Artistic Award (1970), Award of the A. Jurzykowski Foundation in New York (1971), A. Honegger Award (1974), Sibelius Medal (1976), Prime Minister’s Award and the Medal of the National Educational Committee (1979). Posthumously, in 1981, he was granted the Order of the Banner of Labour, 1st Class.

See: www.baird.polmic.pl

works

What distinguishes Tadeusz Baird from among other contemporary Polish composers is his peculiar respect for tradition, which manifested itself through extremely subtle references to the music of past periods, with the Romanticism, the Baroque and the Renaissance as his favourite points of reference. The composer consciously applied archaic sound, historical melodic motifs, but his music also made its impact through the less tangible spheres of emotion, sensation and expression. He laboriously formed beautiful sound combinations and juxtaposed sound colours with exquisite taste. At the same time, rather than forego the modern compositional language, he combined it skilfully with elements of tradition. All of Baird’s music is imbued with intense lyricism, which finds its most distinct manifestation in the prominent melodic component of his works. His compositions are wonderfully melodic in the finest sense of this word.
There is a composition by Tadeusz Baird in which all these features of his music are simultaneously present in their full splendour: the poignantly beautiful Four Love Sonnets for baritone and orchestra (1956) to words by William Shakespeare in Maciej Słomczyński’s translation. Such depth of lyricism, power of expression and intensity of subjectivism are rare in contemporary music.

compositions
Sonatina for piano no. 1 * (1949)
Sinfonietta for orchestra * (1949)
Concerto for piano and orchestra * (1949)
Overture in Old Style for orchestra (1950)
Symphony No. 1 * (1950)
Colas Breugnon Suite in Old Style for string orchestra with flute * (1951)
Little Children’s Suite for piano * (1952)
Sonatina for piano No. 2 * (1952)
Overtura giocosa for orchestra * (1952)
Symphony No. 2 (Sinfonia quasi una fantasia) * (1952)
Three Songs to Old Italian texts for soprano, 3 violas and cello * (1952)
Due Capricci for clarinet and piano * (1953)
Concerto for orchestra * (1953)
Lyric Suite, 4 songs for soprano with symphony orchestra to words by Julian Tuwim * (1953)
Two Love Songs for soprano and piano (1953)
Two Songs for mixed choir * (1953)
Ballad of the Soldier’s Mug for baritone, reciting voice, mixed choir and orchestra to words by Stanisław Strumph-Wojtkiewicz (1954)
Four Preludes for bassoon and piano * (1954)
Five Songs for Children for woman’s voice and piano * (1955)
Cassazione per orchestra * (1956)
Divertimento for flute, oboe, clarinet and bassoon * (1956)
Creek Waters Flowing for mixed a cappella choir * (1956)
String Quartet * (1957)
Four Essays for orchestra * (1958)
Expressions for violin and orchestra * (1958-59)
Exhortation to Old Hebrew Texts for reciting voice, mixed choir and symphony orchestra * (1959-60)
Erotic Poems [PWM Edition: Love Songs] - 6 Songs for soprano and symphony orchestra to words by Małgorzata Hillar * (1960-61)
Study for vocal orchestra, percussion and piano * (1961)
Variations without a theme for symphony orchestra * (1961-62)
Chansons des Trouvères for alto (or mezzo-soprano) with 2 flutes and cello * (1963)
Music of the Epiphany for orchestra * (1963)
Four Dialogues for oboe and chamber orchestra * (1964)
Tomorrow musical drama in one act to a libretto by Jerzy S. Sito * (1964-66)
Four Songs for mezzo-soprano and chamber orchestra to poems by Vesna Parun * (1966)
Four Novelettes for chamber orchestra * (1967)
Sinfonia breve for orchestra * (1968)
Five Songs for mezzo-soprano and chamber orchestra to words by Halina Poświatowska * (1968)
Symphony No. 3 * (1969)
Goethe-Briefe, a cantata for baritone, mixed choir and orchestra * (1970)
Play for string quartet * (1971)
Psychodrama for orchestra * (1972)
Concerto for oboe and orchestra * (1972-73)
Elegeia for orchestra * (1973)
Scenes (Conversation, Argument and Reconciliation) for cello, harp and orchestra * (1976-77)
Canzona na orchestra * (1980)
Voices from Afar, 3 songs for baritone and orchestra to words by Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz * (1981)
literature
“Muzyka” 1984 nr 1/2 [a special issue dedicated to Tadeusz Baird]
Grzenkowicz Izabella Tadeusz Baird. Conversations, Sketches, Reflections, PWM, Kraków 1998
Tarnawska-Kaczorowska Krystyna Tadeusz Baird, Ars Nova, Poznań 1995
Tarnawska-Kaczorowska Krystyna Tadeusz Baird. Glosses for a Biography, PWM, Kraków 1997
Tarnawska-Kaczorowska Krystyna (red.) Tadeusz Baird - The Art of Sound, The Art of the Word. Proceedings of a Symposium, Sekcja Muzykologów ZKP, Warszawa 1982
Zieliński Tadeusz A. Tadeusz Baird, PWM, Kraków 1966
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