On February 13, 2019 at 7:00 p.m., the Mieczysław Karłowicz Philharmonic in Szczecin will host a chamber concert. Among others, Kazimierz Serocki's work will be performed.
The genre of sonata, meaning a purely instrumental composition (in contrast to the vocal cantata), appeared without a strictly defined form at the end of the 16th century. In Baroque, two types of sonatas were distinguished: da camera (courtly), resembling the construction of multi-part suites, and da chiesa (church), composed of four alternating slow and fast movements. In Baroque music one can also encounter sonatas a due, a tre, a quattro, etc., which meant the number of melodic instruments that were always accompanied by basso continuo. Such sonatas in a cast of up to seven instruments were written by a representative of the early Baroque, Austrian violinist Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, creator of the famous "Rosary Sonatas" (Rosenkranzsonaten). We will listen to Sonata à 3 in D minor for two violins, trombone and basso continuo, which was written in 1679-1680 at the court of Archbishop Maximilian G. von Kuenburg.
The sonata form and its shorter simpler version of sonatina also appeared in the 20th-century music. Sonatina for a trombone and piano from 1954 by Kazimierz Serocki is one of several compositions for trombone resulting from the collaboration with trombonist Juliusz Pietrachowicz. In the three-movement virtuoso Sonatina, Serocki tries to combine traditional music with contemporary composing techniques. Another example from the 20th century is Sonata for clarinet and piano written in 1962 by Francis Poulenc. The piece was commissioned by an American musician associated more often with swing than classical music, Benny Goodman. He wanted to premiere the work together with Poulenc, but it was impossible because of Poulenc’s sudden death. During the premiere at the New York Carnegie Hall, Goodman was accompanied on the piano by Leonard Bernstein.